ある家族のパーマカルチャー的自然調和への冒険


by guibi

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A quick intro to the principles and ethics of permaculture.

The principles and ethics of permaculture

"We don't want a world fit for our children any more. We want one that's fit for us now!"

I've gone through a bunch of handouts, books and links that I've collected over time, and have put together the following quotes that might serve as a good introduction to the principles and ethics of permaculture:


Why ethics?
For our guidance & inspiration - to give direction to our path, to underlie our
objectives, regardless of occupation. If we state our ethics, we can make
connections with other people with similar views.

Care of the Earth
Includes all living and non-living things (such as animals, plants, air, water, land) - provision for all life systems to continue and multiply - intrinsic value of all things, (not just those that are useful to us, that we can exploit or sell or that we can understand) - all life is connected. Law of necessitous use - leave an otherwise natural system alone unless we have to enter it; if we do, then:
Law of conservative use - use the smallest possible amount of land to meet our needs - (setting voluntary limits to consumption) - reduce waste and hence pollution - do environmental impact analysis of our actions & design to buffer against adverse effects - do energy accounting of our actions & replace at least as much as is used.

Care of People
Make sure all people have access to those resources necessary to their existence - need for a self-determined, equitable and sustainable society – society needs to be ecologically sound and economically viable to protect and promote peoples' health - for the world to be socially just and humane we need clean air, clean water, food, shelter, satisfying employment, meaningful human contact - self- reliance, interdependence and community responsibility.

Fairshares
Choose Limits to Consumption & Give Away Surplus
Frugal and equitable use of resources. The reinvestment of surpluses to further the above aims - this includes money, land, labour, information, etc. Needs not wants.

Take Responsibility
For our own existence and for that of our children - attitude shift: change is not something external to ourselves - not "Someone else ought to do it", but "I'm responsible". Take responsibility for change. Instead of being an observer,
powerless outside the current system, gain self-reliance through achievable
practical solutions - direct action.

Co-Operation, Not Competition
Is the very basis of existing natural systems and of future survival. Create harmony not competition - build self-managing systems - things not forced into a function but doing what they would do naturally - harmony is the integration of chosen natural functions to the supply of essential needs. Permaculture is about interconnections.


The principles provide a set of universally applicable guidelines that can be used when designing sustainable systems. These principles can be used in any climate, and at any scale. They have been derived from the thoughtful observation of nature, and from earlier work by ecologists, landscape designers and others.

☯ Relative location - place things so they work together beneficially.
☯ Each element performs many functions - 101 uses for nettles...
☯ Each important function is supported by many elements -
spread risk and use diversity.
☯ Efficient energy planning - use gravity and put things you
need regularly close by.
☯ Use biological resources - let living systems do the work, in
preference to machines or chemicals.
☯ Cycling of energy, nutrients, resources - reuse, recycle,
return to the earth.
☯ Small-scale intensive systems - use 3-D space and time
creatively to fit more in.
☯ Accelerating succession & evolution - speed up natural systems
by understanding how to they work, and how you can help.
☯ Diversity - including guilds of plants and animals that work
together beneficially to support each others needs.
☯ Edge effects - the most productive space is at the edge of
systems - pond/shore, woodland/field, the margins of society...
☯ Attitudinal principles: everything works both ways.
Permaculture is information & imagination-intensive.
From Introduction to Permaculture, by Bill Mollison & Reny Mia Slay

There are many simple ways that you can reduce your impact on the Earth, and improve your quality of life. Read a permaculture book, attend a course or get involved with local projects to find out more.

Here are some simple steps that you can take right now (if you haven’t already), that will help to reduce your impact on the earth, and reduce the amount of money you need to earn to get by:

☯ Eat less meat, or none at all
☯ Eat less processed food, and more that is locally grown, start your own window-box or garden
☯ Eat ethical and fairly traded for the things you can’t get locally
☯ Eat as large a proportion of your diet in the form of fresh fruit and veg
☯ Support local growers or box schemes, give them a hand
☯ Get rid of your car, take up cycling, (or join a car share scheme / share it with friends.)
☯ Avoid traveling on planes - the most destructive form of transport
☯ Insulate your house and do an energy audit (contact your local council). Wear jumpers in winter.
☯ Install a rain water harvesting system for watering your garden, learn to mulch!
☯ Be an ethical shopper - read the labels and investigate alternatives
☯ Become a recycling maniac, and take pleasure in finding new uses for old things!
[PR]
by guibi | 2010-07-07 01:11 | Permaculture

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